What are Prenatal Vitamins and their Side Effects?
Prenatal vitamins can give some minor side effects. Side effects of prenatal vitamins include nausea and constipation, but these are symptoms of many pregnant women. If you suffer from a “morning sickness” and even a thought of taking a pill causes another attack, take it at any other convenient time. More serious side effects of prenatal vitamins can occur with an overdose.
Prenatal vitamins are specially created multivitamins that make up for the deficiency of any nutrients in a mother’s diet. While the usual vitamin complexes contain a certain list of vitamins, prenatal vitamins also contain folic acid, iron, and calcium, which make them especially important for pregnant women.
Eating food rich in various nutrients does not lose value. However, prenatal vitamins help to compensate the deficiency in their intake with food.
It is recommended to start taking vitamins three months before pregnancy, drinking them during the entire pregnancy and after birth during lactation. It is better to drink vitamins with water or juice, but not with soda, and not with milk.
Why Prenatal Vitamins are so Popular
Prenatal vitamins are very popular in the USA and other countries because of unique composition, which is almost ideal for any pregnant woman. Each component of prenatal vitamins represents a huge value to a woman’s body.
Folic acid reduces a risk of defects in a spinal cord and a brain (neural tube). The most common developmental defect is a spinal hernia. In this case, the spinal cord is not closed, and the structure of nerves, in this case, is damaged. A child born with such a pathology experience different forms of paralysis, dementia, and incontinence. The neural tube defect develops in the first 28 days of pregnancy when many people do not even know about it.
Natural storages of folic acid are citruses, legumes, green vegetables, nuts. Also in large quantities, it is in ready-made cereal breakfasts and various vitamin supplements.
Calcium must necessarily take place in the diet of a future mother. The woman’s own calcium during pregnancy begins to wash out of the bones and goes to build a bone tissue of an unborn baby. Also, calcium is important for the normal functioning of the nervous, circulatory, and muscular systems.
Iron is required to transport oxygen in the cells. It takes part in the development of muscle cells and blood cells. Also, iron prevents the development of such a disease as anemia.
Among other things, prenatal vitamins lower the risk of having children with various body defects. Some studies show that regular intake of such vitamins significantly reduces the risk of birth of premature babies with a small body weight.
Benefits and Side Effects of Prenatal Vitamins
Certain vitamins are vital for the healthy growth of the fetus. For an instance, folic acid helps the spinal cord and brain mature, at the same time calcium contributes the development of muscle and blood cells. A drawback of calcium can influence the baby’s circulatory and nervous systems. Antenatal vitamins guarantee your baby is getting all the necessary vitamins even if your diet is less than perfect.
Pregnant women who have special medical conditions should not intake prenatal vitamins out of their doctors’ approval. In accordance with eMedTV, prenatal vitamins can do kidney stones worse, raise the risk of bleeding, influence anemia diagnosis and cause allergic responses. Prenatal vitamins may also interact with some antibiotics, hypothyroidism therapy and aspirin. Talk with your doctor or a pharmacist before taking prenatal vitamins, particularly if you are already on any other medication.
Now let’s get back to side effects of prenatal vitamins. Some women experience nausea after taking vitamins. Some note stool disorders – due to the iron content in the vitamins. If the intake of vitamins is accompanied by nausea, here are a few recommendations that will help to alleviate unwanted side effects of prenatal vitamins:
– Take vitamins at night.
– Take vitamins with food.
– After consuming vitamins, chew a gum or a candy.
If side effects of prenatal vitamins cause you to feel unwell, tell your doctor about it. Most likely, he will write out the same vitamins in another form (liquid or chewing sweets). Perhaps a body will respond to them better than the vitamins that you need to swallow.
If none of above doesn’t help you to stop the side effects of prenatal vitamins, consult with a doctor about additional measures. Perhaps you will be recommended to change prenatal vitamins or switch to a separate intake of folic acid.