It is normal for pregnant women in the first trimester to experience nausea and vomiting. This is what is commonly referred to as morning sickness. Severe morning sickness is where nausea and vomiting are so severe that the woman becomes dehydrated and loses weight.
Although almost all pregnant women experience one form of morning sickness or another, severe morning sickness is a relatively rare condition. It is believed that if the women who receive treatment at home reported their cases, the number of reported cases of severe morning sickness would actually be higher.
In most cases, severe morning sickness occurs in women having their first pregnancy. Women who have the condition during their first pregnancy are more likely to have it in later pregnancies.
Severe Morning Sickness Timeline
Severe morning sickness has a pattern that is almost similar to that of normal morning sickness. However, it begins in the earlier stages of the pregnancy, between the 4th and 5th weeks and extends longer into the pregnancy. Relief arrives at around the 14th to the 20th week. In some cases, the condition continues throughout the pregnancy.
Causes of Severe Morning Sickness
Although the specific cause of this condition is still unknown, it is believed that a spike in the hormone levels could be the cause of extreme nausea. The quantities can even rise further as the pregnancy progresses.
It is also believed that there might be a hereditary aspect to severe morning sickness since it is quite common for it to occur between close relatives, for example, mothers and sisters.
There are other factors that can increase a woman’s predisposition to extreme nausea. These include a history of migraines with nausea, carrying twins or more, obesity where the BMI is 30 and above, first-time mothers and previous cases of motion sickness.
Severe Morning Sickness Symptoms
Most women with this condition will show the following symptoms:
(1)Loss of weight as a result of persistent vomiting
(2)Loss of appetite
(3)Dehydration as a result of nausea and vomiting
(4)Feeling dizzy or light-headed
(5)Vomiting over three times every day
(6)Feeling almost non-stop nausea
(7)Inability to perform daily chores.
Since there is no known absolute cure for severe morning sickness, the best ways to manage it is by managing the symptoms. At the same time, medication is never ideal during pregnancy. Any risks associated with any treatment should be discussed with the doctor.
Diagnosing Extreme Nausea
The doctor begins by running through your symptoms and medical history. In most cases, a standard physical examination is enough to diagnose the condition. The most common signs that the doctor checks are fast pulse are low blood pressure. Dehydration is confirmed by testing blood or urine samples.
Treatment Options For Severe Morning Sickness
In severe cases of morning sickness, maternal dehydration is always the biggest concern.
Your symptoms and how severe they are will determine how you are treated. Nausea prevention solutions such as ginger or vitamin B-6 are some of the things that may be recommended by your doctor.
For proper nourishment, make your meals smaller but more frequent. Dry foods are the best. Drinking plenty of fluids is also crucial for constant hydration. At the same time, avoid fatty and spicy foods.
There may be a case for hospitalization when the symptoms are too severe. Too much nausea or vomiting may lead to foods and fluids to have to be taken intravenously. In cases where vomiting is a threat to the mother or the baby, medication will be necessary.
In cases where you feel anxiety or depression, talking to a therapy is a great way to help you cope with those feelings.
A Silver Lining
While severe morning sickness is extremely disconcerting during pregnancy, its symptoms generally disappear after birth. There are many support groups that help people deal with the different consequences of this condition. Always make sure that you articulate your progress and feelings to your support system and your doctor.